The Nasa Moon project is ready for a second attempt after the first attempt failed. The Artemis 1 mission’s objective is to determine whether the Orion spacecraft, which is mounted atop the SLS rocket, is secure enough to carry astronauts in the future.
FLORIDA: NASA will try again on Saturday to launch its brand-new 30-story rocket and send its unmanned test capsule toward the Moon after technical difficulties prevented its initial attempt.
The maiden launch of NASA’s Artemis programme, which is planning a return to the Moon fifty years after the last Apollo mission, will be breathtaking and momentous if the enormous Space Launch System (SLS) lifts off.
The launch from Florida’s Kennedy Space Center is set for 2:17 PM local time (18:17 GMT), with a potential two-hour delay if necessary.
Jeremy Parsons, the Kennedy Space Center’s deputy manager of exploration ground systems, declared on Friday that “our team is prepared.”
“They are improving with each effort, and they were truly excellent at launch countdown number one…
We will definitely go, in my opinion, assuming the hardware and weather cooperate.”
Although the area around the launch site will be off-limits to the general public, huge crowds are anticipated to congregate on adjacent beaches to watch and hear the most potent rocket that NASA has ever launched make its way into orbit.
After engineers discovered a fuel leak and a sensor revealed that one of the rocket’s four main engines was running too hot, NASA’s maiden launch attempt on Monday was aborted.
The US Space Force forecasts a 60% likelihood of good weather at the scheduled liftoff time, increasing to an 80% chance later in the launch window.
There are backup options for Monday or Tuesday if something forces NASA to cease operations once more on Saturday.
Due to the Moon’s position, the following launch window won’t occur until September 19 at the earliest.
The Orion capsule, which is attached to the SLS rocket, will be tested during the Artemis 1 mission to ensure that it can safely transport astronauts in the future.
In place of the astronauts on the flight, mannequins with sensors will measure radiation, vibration, and acceleration.
The spacecraft will travel around 60 miles (100 kilometres) from Earth to the Moon at its closest approach, taking many days to complete.
The spaceship will start its engines in order to reach a record-breaking deep retrograde orbit (DRO) of 40,000 miles beyond the Moon for a spacecraft designed to carry people.
One of the main goals of the journey, which is anticipated to last about six weeks, is to test the heat shield of the capsule, the largest one ever built at 16 feet in diameter.
The heat shield will have to endure speeds of 25,000 miles per hour and temperatures of 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit (2,760 degrees Celsius) on its return to Earth’s atmosphere, which is nearly half as hot as the Sun.
The first Moon expeditions were given the name Apollo in honour of the Greek god Apollo’s twin sister, Artemis.
The Artemis missions will see the first person of colour and the first woman set foot on the lunar surface, in contrast to the Apollo missions, which between 1969 and 1972 only sent white men to the Moon.
Charlie Blackwell-Thompson, NASA’s first female launch director, will appropriately give the final “okay” for liftoff on Saturday.
After years of setbacks and cost overruns, the US space agency will feel a great deal of relief if the Artemis 1 mission is a success.
According to a government analysis, the programme will cost $93 billion by 2025, with the first four launches alone costing an astounding $4.1 billion each.
With the Artemis 2 mission, astronauts will visit the Moon without touching down.
At the earliest, the crew of Artemis 3 will touch down on the Moon in 2025, with subsequent missions planning a lunar space station and a permanent presence there.
By the end of the 2030s, a multi-year manned mission to Mars on Orion could be tried, according to NASA Administrator Bill Nelson.