Today’s Doodle celebrates the life and legacy of Raja Haji Ahmad. He was a renowned historian, scholar and writer who led a renaissance for Malay literature and culture in the 19th century. Raja Ali was posthumously honored as a National Hero of Indonesia on this day in 2004
Raja Ali was born a Bugis-Malay prince in 1809 to a family of scholars. When he was young, his family moved to Penyengat Island. He studied with famous scholars from the Riau-Lingga Sultanate and was recognized as a gifted student. As an adolescent, Raja Ali accompanied his father on a mission to Jakarta, as well as a pilgrimage to Mecca. The two were the first Riau nobles to accomplish this feat.
Biography of Raja Ali Haji
Raja Ali Haji is a descendant of Bugis and Malay who is famous for his poem Gurindam Dua Belas in 1847.
Reporting from infosette.com, Raja Ali Haji was born in 1808 ago. He is a descendant of royalty and the grandson of Raja Ali Haji Fisabilillah, one of the fighters from Bugis.
As the son of Raja Ahmad and Encik Hamidah bint Panglima Malik of Selangor, Raja Ali Haji received his first education from the court of the Riau-Lingga Sultanate on Penyengat Island.
Until in 1822, while traveling with his father’s entourage to Betawi, Raja Ali Haji also received education from outside the sultanate environment.
The figure of Raja Ali Haji is famous as the first person to record the basics of Malay grammar through the Language Guidelines book .
From there, Malay became the forerunner of the Indonesian language through the Indonesian Youth Congress on October 28, 1928
Active in the world of literature and politics
Entering the age of 20 years, Raja Ali Haji is trusted to carry out important state tasks.
Even at the age of 32, Raja Ali Haji and his cousin, Raja Ali bin Raja Ja’far, were appointed to rule in the Lingga area.
Not only active in politics, during his lifetime, Raja Ali Haji as a writer has produced many masterpieces.
He created a book entitled The Book of Language Knowledge . This book contains the Malay-Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga dictionary, the first Malay monolingual dictionary in the archipelago.
Meanwhile, Raja Ali Haji’s most famous work is Gurindam Dua Belas , an old Malay poem characterized by the term Sufism, figurative words, and metaphors.
According to the Ministry of Education and Culture’s website , this work consists of 12 articles containing advice or life instructions.
The advice, among others, is related to worship, the obligations of the king, the obligations of children to their parents, the duties of parents to their children, character, and social life.
Raja Ali Haji created Gurindam Twelve on Penyengat Island, Riau Archipelago, in 1974, when he was 38 years old.
The making of this literary work was motivated by the internal conflict of the kingdom and colonial pressure on the Riau-Lingga Sultanate.
The goal is that Islamic values are not eroded by internal and external conflicts that occurred in Malay society at that time.
Gurindam Twelve was later published by the Dutch in 1953.